Showing posts with label GST. Show all posts
Showing posts with label GST. Show all posts

Thursday, July 16, 2015

Why Malaysia GST start at 6% and not 5% or lower?

Ever wondered why the GST start with a 6% and not 5% or lower? Well, there are many versions and reasons cited by the government and economist in the many articles that was publish pre and post GST implementation. 

Here I find an interesting twist to this question. As I was going thru my first bank statement after the GST was implemented; I noticed that for each Interbank Giro Transaction; there was a charge of 10 sen per IBGT and on top of that a GST is imposed for each transaction which amount to 0.01 sen as shown in my bank statement; making a total deduction of 11 sen per transaction. Mathematically calculated the GST for this transaction; with a GST of 6%, it should have been 0.006 sen. Because of rounding up for each transaction, it round up to 1 sen.

There is an extra of 0.004 sen that the bank have collected. Although to many this amount is very insignificant but multiply it by thousand or millions of transaction that each bank collect, the amount can be very significant as highlighted below:

Question is where; who gets to keep this extra 0.004 sen. We as consumers did not get any refund from the bank while the Kastam should not be receiving this amount from the bank as it is an overpayment of GST and the bank should also not be keeping this money as it is in violation of overcharging for the GST?

So, I really would like to know from the authority where did this extra GST collected goes to. For me, this is one case that I have found out, I am not sure how many other transactions have this rounding up of GST. 

To answer the above question; let's look at the following computation. Mathematically calculated anything above 5 (will be rounded up while anything below 5 will be rounded down as highlighted at the illustration below if the GST was 4%; technically there will be no GST for this Interbank Giro transaction.

So, you know another reason why the GST is not set at 4% or lesser than 5%. If the GST was at 5% there will be no rounding up or down issue.

Sunday, March 15, 2015

Special Post: 10 Key Products and Services Goods and Services Tax (GST) impact on Malaysian consumers.

Goods and Services Tax (GST) will be implemented effective April 1, 2015 in Malaysia and the rate is fixed at 6%. Sales tax of 10% and service tax of 6% will be replaced with GST.

Under GST, most of the goods and services (except basic necessities) will be charged at every stage of the supply chain – even the ones that was previously not charged with Sales and Service Tax (SST). This means we will likely be paying more to purchase or use these goods and services, which were not taxed previously.

As consumers, you must be aware how the Goods Services Tax (GST) will impact on the things that you buy. Being conscious on it allow you to better plan your budget and spending patterns.

Here we list the 10 key products and services i.e. credit card, books, housing, fuel, electricity, used cars, banking services, tuition fees, beauty services and insurance fees on GST.

1. Credit card

The RM50 government tax charged annually on credit cards and the RM25 fee for supplementary cards, will be abolished from April 1, 2015 when the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is implemented. Instead, the 6% GST will apply on the credit card’s annual fees – which can range from RM70 to RM1,000 or more annually, depending on the type of card.

However, there will be no GST charges if the annual fee is waived, for example for free-for-life credit cards or those with annual fees waived, with stipulated minimum spending or transactions on a monthly or yearly basis.

To reflect the changes, the GST charged will be reflected as a separate item in the credit card statement. However, purchases will be reflected as a total amount inclusive of GST. There is some good news though, loyalty points or cash rebates will be given based on the 6% GST paid when using the credit card for retail purchases.

2. Books and e-books

The standard 6% GST will be imposed on all types of books except for dictionaries, encyclopedias, newspapers, texts, references, works and religious books. These books will be zero-rated and not be subjected to GST.

Local e-book suppliers like e-sentral and MPHonline will also be charging GST whereas foreign firms such as Google Play and Apple iBookstore would not be.

3. Housing

GST will also see basic construction materials such as cement, bricks and sand being taxed the standard 6% GST rate for both residential and commercial properties. Currently, these raw materials are not taxed under the existing SST. Heavy machineries such as cranes will be taxed too. Property developers normally do not buy such heavy machineries but rent them from other contractors – and it typically is factored into the construction cost.

Steel, bricks, and sand make up 44% of the construction cost and with these being charged GST, the cost of building a property is inevitably going to increase. Property companies expect GST to result in a maximum of 2.6% increase in house prices.

When the GST is implemented in April, residential property including SoHo (small office/home office) will be exempted. However, commercial properties including SoFo (small office/flexible office) and SoVo (small office/virtual office) would be subject to the 6% GST.

4. Fuel

RON95, Diesel and LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) will be exempted from GST implementation. However, RON97 will be subjected to the new 6% GST.

5. Electricity

A household will have 6% GST charged to the electricity bill for usage above 300 units.

6. Used cars

Currently, used cars are not subjected to SST and is not a GST zero rated item either. Therefore the car industry predicts that used cars will be subjected to an extra 6% tax after the implementation of GST in April.

7. Banking services

The RM1 MEPS fee charged when we withdraw from another bank’s ATM will increase to RM1.06. No GST will be charged if you make a withdrawal from your own bank’s ATM.

Similarly, other services offered by the bank, such as money transfers (e.g. cashier’s order and demand draft), telegraphic transfers, money exchange, loan, cheque, credit card, and debit card will see 6% GST charged to its service, commission or subscription fee.

8. Tuition fees

Beginning April, 6% GST will be imposed on tuition fees, as tuition centres are not categorised under educational institutions.

9. Beauty services

The price of beauty services like manicure, and hair and facial treatments will be subjected to 6% GST too. Massage services are also chargeable with the GST if the annual turnover for such businesses is RM500,000 and above. Aside from beauty services, cosmetics and other products for skin, hair and body care will also be charged GST.

However, operators registered to implement the GST will be able to lower their costs by claiming the input tax credit for premises rental fees, electricity costs and equipment purchased to carry out the services. Input tax refers to the GST paid by businesses on the purchase of goods and services used to perform their businesses.

Beauty products sold at airports as duty-free items will not be subjected to GST.

10. Insurance fees

All insurance policies except for life insurance will be charged 6% GST from April. GST would also impact all traditional and investment-linked policies which had medical, critical illness or personal accident benefits attached.

For traditional policies, the GST is imposed on the premium, while for investment-linked policies, it is charged on the insurance charges. For investment-linked policies, insurance charges will escalate with age because of higher insurance charges.

While it is still not clear how much prices will increase, or in some instances, decrease, it is prudent to know your exempted and zero-rated items to avoid opportunist merchants who may be profiteering on GST.

With less than two weeks away before GST is actually implemented, it is wise to understand how GST will affect both our daily or seasonal spending. This will help us to plan our spending ahead, to minimise the negative effect of GST.

This special post serves as a guide; based on our interpretation and understanding of the impact of the GST has on consumers. Please check with relevant companies and parties to confirm whether they are applicable to you and might have changed from time to time.

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